types of hinges

14 Different Types of Hinges for Cabinets and Doors

What are the Different types of Hinges for Cabinets and Doors

Gone are the days when limited types of hinges were available and had nothing much in them to show off. Today door hinges play an important role in aesthetics along with durability, and functionality. You can opt for the best from the different types of hinges that suit functional, and aesthetic needs.

Hinges come in all shapes and sizes to suit a variety of different applications. In this article, we have explored the most common types of hinges used around the world.

Hinges are important elements of any door assembly that help to hold door panels together as a whole. The pivot point of any hinge ensures the easy functioning of the cabinet panel. So, no matter what quality of door panels or door frames you install, the lack of quality hinges can ruin the game.

1. Butt Hinges

Butt hinges are the most common type of door hinges. This type of hinge consists of two identical, rectangle hinge plates held together by the metal rod called a hinge pin. One hinge plate remains attached to a fixed component like a door frame and another plate is mortise inside the door surface.

Having a simple working mechanism, and easy installation these are the most affordable option for the indoor hinge. Different finishes are available in butt hinges. These hinges can be made from plain steel, brassed, brass, chrome, stainless steel, and many more.

Butt hinges can be classified into two types

a. Ball Bearing Butt Hinges

Ball-bearing butt hinges are very much like traditional butt hinges but the difference lies in the spindle. These hinges consist of small hidden steel bearings placed between the knuckles.

It is a heavy-duty door hinge because small ball bearings reduce friction during the closing or opening of the door. Ball-bearing butt hinges are very sustainable for heavy doors. Ball-bearing butt hinges minimize friction which makes door operation easier, smoother, and quieter.

ball bearing butt hinges
Ball-bearing butt hinge

b. Rising Butt Door Hinges

Rising butt door hinges are special types of hinge designs to slightly lift the door while opening. On closing the door, there will be no gap between the floor and the door panel but will allow the door to lift up while opening.

These types of hinges are most suitable for the area where you have a thick piece of floor covering at the doorway. Rising butt hinges help to avoid the obstruction of floor covering by lifting the door up while opening.

rising butt hinges
Rising butt hinge

2. Flag Hinges

flag hinges
Flag hinge

A flag hinge is known for its flag-like appearance, it consists of two parts; a male end with a plate and pin, and a female end with a plate to fix on the receiving slot. Hinge plates feature some holes through which screws can be drilled into the door and door jamb. Flag hinges are generally made up of metal for durability.

3. Bullet Hinges

Bullet hinge resembles to design of a bullet and is designed specifically for welding applications. These hinges are an ideal choice for applications where door frames are narrow and there is not enough room to install other types of hinges.

Bullet hinges provide the ultimate solution for the installation of metal doors where you have to deal with limited welding space on doors and frames.

bullet hinges
Bullet Hinge

4. Slip Joint Hinges

Slip joint hinges are removable door hinges identified by their separate male and female parts. These are mostly used in removable door applications as they can easily be divided into pins and wings. Normally it does not come with pre-punched holes and can be punched holes as required.

slip joint hinges
Slip Joint Hinge

5. Latch Hinges

Latch hinges are a combination of hardware of latch and hinge and could include a spring with a retractable pin to secure a door. A quick-release latch hinge can unlatch in both directions to easily release the body from its application.

6. Piano Hinges

Piano hinges also called continuous hinges consist long sized leaves that run along the length of the applicant’s furniture. Two identical, long lengthen leaves are joined by the central pin of the same length. Piano hinges can be cut down into the desired lengths to help to distribute weight evenly along with the application.

These hinges are commonly used for fold-down workbenches, cabinet doors, and storage boxes.

piano hinges
Piano Hinge

7. Butterfly Hinges

Butterflies are named for their identical, ornamental leaves or wings that gracefully swing to open and closed the door. These are also called surface mount hinges as they are attached to the outside of the cabinet doors, making them entirely visible on closing the door. It’s clearly visible, the butterfly wings like structure provide ornamental value to the furniture.

Lightweight forms of butterfly hinges adorn jewelry boxes, decorative cabinet doors, castle-type doors, and window casements. 

butterfly hinges
Butterfly Hinge

8. Flush Hinges

Flush hinges are special hinge types designed to fit inside the pocket cut into the door frame. It also consists of two leaves but is designed to fit into each other and flush into the door cut. These hinges make the door sit completely flush inside the door frame.

Flush hinges are also named recessed or mortised hinges as hinge plates recessed into one another and finally flush into the door cut on closing the door.

flush hinges
Flush Hinge

9. Pivot Hinges

Pivot hinges also called floor hinges It is mainly used for wider doors that need to be open in both inside and outside directions. These hinges create a pivot point at the floor and top of the frame, holding the door from the bottom and top and allowing the door to swing in either direction.

Pivot hinges are mainly used in commercial places where a grand entrance with high traffic demands the opening and closing of the door frequently.

pivot hinges
Pivot Hinge

10. Spring Hinges

Spring hinges also called self-closing hinges are fitted with a spring, that automatically closes the door from the opened position. Two hinge plates are connected with the central barrel consisting of springs having door closing power.

spring hinges
Spring Hinge

11. Gate Hinges

Gate hinges are known for their design for sturdy performance, as it bears the weight of heavy entry gates. It consists of two unidentical hinge plates, on is small and attached to a frame or pillar and another hinge strap plate it fixed over the gate or door.

Gate hinges are generally installed for heavy garage or barn doors. Ling strap along the door carries the weight of most doors without a problem. 

gate hinges
Gate Hinge

12. Concealed Hinges

As the name suggests it remains concealed inside and can not be seen from outside. The hidden characteristic of concealed door hinges makes any furniture look stylish by keeping installation hardware unnoticeable.  It is the most suitable option for application in areas where you don’t want to hamper the stylish look of that furniture. 

concealed door hinges
Concealed Hinge

13. Overlay Hinges

Overlay hinges allow doors to lay over the frame and close the entire door opening when closed. Edges of the frame remain exposed when the door is in open condition.

overlay hinges
Overlay Hinge

14. Offset Hinges

Offset hinges are designed in such a way that while opening the door its hinge pin moves farther away from the door frame making the larger opening. Offset door hinges are also referred to as swing-clear, fold-back hinges.

This hinge mechanism serves as the counterbalance needed to move the door’s pivot point farther from the hinge that allows additional clearance.

offset hinges
Offset Hinge

You also can also get to know about different types of hinges in the video here


Things to Consider While Choosing the Right hinge?

1. Load

Load indicates how strong the hinge needs to be to support the weight of the door. The load can vary depending on the center of gravity, if equipment will be mounted on the door and if people will hang things on the door.

2. Material

What the hinge is made up of? Your material choice depends on the required strength and also on the environment, temperature, chemicals UV, radiation, and moisture it needs to bear. The most common types of materials used are steel, brass, or aluminum hinges.

3. Angle of Rotation

How much opening angle of rotation it can create; how flexible it is. 

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