Hinges are important elements of any cabinet or door system which helps to holds doors and windows together as a whole. The central pivot point of any hinge ensures that the doors, windows, cabinets, and gates can be function at ease.
So, no matter what quality of door or door frame you put in manufacturing, the lack of quality hinges can ruin the game.
Gone are the days when they were only limited types of hinges were available and had nothing much in them to show off. In the modern ear, they play an important role, especially when it comes to interior designing because every detail matters.
Things to Consider While Choosing the Right hinge?
Load indicates how strong the hinge needs to be to support the weight of the door. The load can vary depending on the center of gravity, if equipment will be mounted on the door and if people will hang things on the door.
What the hinge is made up of? Your material choice depends on the required strength and also on the environment, temperature, chemicals UV, radiation, and moisture it needs to bear. The most common types of materials used are steel, brass, or aluminum hinges.
3. Angle of Rotation
How much opening angle of rotation it can create; how flexible it is.
However, unlike the time when its options were limited, now you can opt for the best from the variety of hinges that suits your functional, aesthetic need.
Different types of Hinges
Hinges come in all shapes and sizes to suit a variety of different applications. In this article, we have explored the most common types of hinges used around the world.
1. Butt Hinge
Butt hinge is the most common type of door hinge, where they compromise two identical, rectangle hinge plates held together by the metal rod called a hinge pin. One hinge plate is usually attached to a fixed component like a door frame and another plate is mortise inside the door surface.
Having a simple working mechanism, and easy installation these are the most affordable option indoor hinge. Different finishes are available in butt hinges made from plain steel, brassed, brass, chrome, stainless steel, and many more.
Butt hinges can be classified into two types
a. Ball bearing Butt Hinges
Ball-bearing butt hinges are very much similar to traditional butt hinges but the difference lies in the spindle as there are hidden small steel bearings placed in between the knuckles. It is considered a heavy-duty door hinges as small ball bearings reduce the friction while operating the door. Ball-bearing hinges are very sustainable to heavy doors.
Ball-bearing butt hinges minimize the friction which makes door operation easier, smoother, and quieter.
b. Rising Butt Door Hinges
Rising butt door hinges are special types of hinge design to slightly lift the door as it is opened. On installing these hinges, the door will have no gap at the bottom in the closed position but will allow the to door rise while opening. These types of hinges are most suitable for the area where you have a thick piece of floor covering at the doorway.
Rising hinges will lift the door while opening creating space for the door to bypass and avoiding the obstruction of floor covering.
2. Flag Hinges
A flag hinge is known for its flag-like appearance, it consists of two parts; a male end with a plate and pin, and a female end with a plate to fix on the receiving slot. Hinges plates feature some holes through which screws can be drilled into the door and door jamb. Flag hinges are generally made up of metal for durability.
3. Bullet Hinges
Bullet hinge resembles to design of a bullet, and is designed specifically for welding applications. These hinges are an ideal choice for applications where door frames are narrow and there is not enough room to install other types of hinges.
Bullet hinges provide the ultimate solution for the installation of metal doors where you have to deal with limited welding space on doors and frames.
4. Slip Joint Hinges
Slip joint hinges are removable door hinges identified by their separate male and female parts. These are mostly used in removable door applications as they can easily be divided into pins and wings. Normally it does not come with pre-punched holes and can be punched holes as required.
5. Latch Hinges
Latch hinges are combination hardware of latch and hinge and could include a spring with a retractable pin to secure a door. A quick-release latch hinge can unlatch in both directions to easily release the body from its application.
6. Piano Hinges
Piano hinges also called continuous hinges consist long sized leaves that run along the length of applicant furniture. Two identical, long lengthen leaves are joined by the central pin of the same length. Piano hinges can be cut down into the desired lengths to help to distribute weight evenly along with the application.
These hinges are commonly used for fold-down workbenches, cabinets doors, and storage boxes.
7. Butterfly Hinges
Butterflies are named for their identical, ornamental leaves or wings that gracefully swing to open and closed the door. These are also called surface munt hinges as they are attaching to the outside of the cabinet doors, making them entirely visible on closing the door. It’s clearly visible, butterfly wings like structure provide ornamental value to the furniture.
Lightweight forms of butterfly hinges adorn jewelry boxes, decorative cabinet doors, castle-type doors, and window casements.
8. Flush Hinges
Flush hinges are special hinge types designed to fit inside the pocket cut into the door frame. It also consists of two leaves but is designed to fit into each other and flush into the door cut. These hinges make the door sit completely flush inside the door frame.
Flush hinges are also named recessed or mortised hinges as hinge plates recessed into one another and finally flush into the door cut on closing the door.
9. Pivot Hinges
Pivot hinges also called floor hinges It is mainly used for wider doors that need to be open in both inside and outside directions. These hinges create a pivot point at the floor and top of the frame, holding the door from the bottom and top that allows the door to swing in either direction.
Pivot hinges are mainly used in commercial places where a grand entrance with high traffic demands the opening and closing of the door frequently.
10. Spring Hinges
Spring hinges also called self-closing hinges that are fitted with a spring, that automatically closes the door from the opened position. Two hinge plates are connected with the central barrel consisting of springs having door closing power.
11. Gate Hinges
Gate hinges are known for their design for sturdy performance, as it bears the weight of heavy entry gates. It consists two unidentical hinge plate, on is small attached to frame or pillar and another hinge strap plate it fixed over the gate or door.
Gate hinges are generally installed for heavy garage or barn doors. Ling strap along the door carries the weight of the most door without a problem.
12. Concealed Hinges
As the name suggests it remains concealed inside and can not be seen from outside. The hidden characteristic of concealed door hinges makes any furniture look stylish by keeping installation hardware unnoticeable. It is the most suitable option for application in the areas where you don’t want to hamper the stylish look of that furniture.
13. Overlay Hinges
Overlay hinges allow doors to lay over the frame and close the entire door opening when closed. Edges of the frame remain exposed when the door is in open condition.
14. Offset Hinges
Offset hinges are designed in such a way that while opening the door its hinge pin moves farther away from the door frame making the larger opening. Offset door hinges are also referred to as swing-clear, fold-back hinges.
This hinge mechanism serves as the counterbalance needed to move the door’s pivot point farther from the hinge that allows additional clearance.